How to drum?

Although plastic drumheads exist for the conga, they usually still use natural skins. This is due to the warmer real drum sound that is experienced in natural skins. A rawhide is made from an animal skin (think cow skins or buffalo skins). You can tune the conga by using a metal ring and hooks, with which you can tighten or loosen the drumhead. The tighter the skin, the higher the drum sound of the conga. Congas usually have five or six hooks. Congas are played with the fingers or palm of the hand in sets of two, three or more. Each conga from the set has a different sheet-diameter, creating their own unique drum sound. Sometimes percussionists use the conga in combination with some bongos in their setup. The conga is a very widely applicable instruments and its sounds can be even used as hip hop drum samples.

Indian Tabla (can give a huge boost to your setup)

The tabla is the most common rhythmic guiding instrument in Hindustani music, and its drum samples are also frequently used in modern fusion. The tabla is played with both hands, each hand only plays its own drum. The right hand plays the wooden dayan, the left hand the copper or clay bayan. The battle techniques include a large number of so-called bols, each producing a different sound. Remarkably of a tabla is that the drumhead is unevenly made with a disc of other materials. As with most other drums they attempt to make the drumhead as even as possible.

The function of the tabla in Hindustani music is that of playing the tala, the rhythmic cycle in which a composition is produced, and which needs to stay in place during any improvisation.


A cajón is a hand drum with a drumhead made of wood and is originally from Peru, where the drum sound is used as an accompanying instrument for dances like tondero, the zamacueca, and the Peruvian wals. The cajón came to live through poverty. Wooden boxes of goods arrived by boat into the harbor where the people were living in poverty were enjoying themselves by playing on those boxes, so the originated. You can play the cajon in several ways, so the othe elements of percussion (bass, snare and hi-hat) can be combined. Inside the generally rectangular hollow box are metal strings stretched opposed to the front. This creates the “snare” drum sound of a traditional snare drum. Also, there is often a bunch of bubbles stretched on the inside. Additionally, at the back of the cajón you can find a round hole for the acoustics. A cajón player sits on his instrument and plays it with both hands, and sometimes even with his/her heels.

Each instrument can really contribute its own personality to whatever music you pay. It doesn’t matter whether you are actually playing the instruments to perform or produce music by using free drum samples. Just have fun and enjoy your beats!